Urine testing over time
Learn more about the history of urinalysis and the role these tests play in diagnostics today.
Eucrasia, from the Greek for good balance, was the core principle of ancient pathology, which centered on four bodily fluids known as humors. Until well into the 18th century, urine testing was considered a reliable diagnostic technique and laid the foundation for the laboratory diagnostics we use today.
A diagnostic aid: The uroscopy wheel
Sweet like honey
One fluid, endless uses
From reading urine to modern diagnostics
Want to learn more?
Follow us from the origins to the invention of modern urinalysis in the 1950s all the way to its future in our docu series on YouTube.
1 Ortrun Riha: Mittelalterliche Heilkunst. Das Arzneibuch Ortolfs von Baierland (um 1300). Deutscher Wissenschafts-Verlag, Baden-Baden 2014, ISBN 978-3-86888-071-7
2 Queremel Milani DA, Jialal I. Urinalysis. [Updated 2023 May 1]. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Publishing; 2023 Jan-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK557685/