Prediction and early identification of disease through artificial intelligence (AI)

The potential role of AI-based predictive models in healthcare 

More than 70% of today’s medical decisions involve the results of laboratory tests. These tests may also hold the key to earlier identification of patients at risk from complex diseases such as cancer, liver disease, and COVID-19. Because early signs of disease are often evident in laboratory test results, predictive models that leverage AI technology could help identify areas of concern, more likely before any noticeable physical symptoms appear.

By integrating AI into the laboratory data workflow, routine lab results could be combined with other relevant patient information such as age, gender, etc., for use within disease-specific predictive models. By combining this information, labs have the potential to generate disease-specific patient probability scores to help alert physicians to areas of concern and/or potential patient risk or diagnosis. In collaboration with several healthcare institutions, Siemens Healthineers is actively leveraging machine learning and computerized reasoning in the development of AI-driven clinical decision support tools that can be potentially integrated into the existing test-order/result-review workflow.

COVID-19 Severity Algorithm

COVID-19 severity algorithm, powered by AI

Access a fully functional Educational Use Only version of the algorithm.

In 2021, Siemens Healthineers partnered with several leading healthcare institutions across the globe to develop an AI-based predictive model. By aggregating deidentified COVID-19 patient data from more than 14,500 COVID-19 patients and leveraging deep machine learning, we created a predictive model using various clinical, demographic, and laboratory data. Based on a potential patient’s lab values and age, the Atellica® COVID-19 Severity Algorithm1 generates a COVID-19 clinical severity score, including projected probability of ventilator use, end-stage organ damage, and 30-day in-hospital mortality. 

<p>Dr. Antonio Buño Soto, MD, PhD</p>

Liver Disease Severity Algorithm

infographic showing the causes of liver disease including excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, diabetes, hepatitis infections, and excessive consumption of medication

Several factors can lead to liver disease. Excessive alcohol consumption, obesity, diabetes, hepatitis infections, and excessive consumption of medication could all contribute to an inflamed, and eventually fibrotic, liver.

Liver disease is potentially curable if identified early and treated appropriately. However, this disease often goes unnoticed until a liver transplant is the only option. An AI-based predictive model to help identify patients at risk of severe liver disease could play a crucial role in early diagnosis of liver cancer. In association with other clinically relevant information, a predictive model could potentially enable early intervention and help to avoid progression to cirrhosis, liver failure, the need for liver transplant, and even mortality. 

<p>Dr. Arun Sanyal, MD, PhD</p>

Cancer Predictive Algorithm 

Dia del cancer

In the U.S. alone, it is estimated that there will be 1.9 million new cancer diagnoses and 609,360 cancer deaths in 2022.2 Through earlier assessment of a patient’s cancer risk, combined with other clinically relevant information, AI-based predictive models using routine blood tests have the potential to help physicians more quickly diagnose and deliver effective treatment for cancer patients. In partnership with several leading organizations, we are actively working to create predictive models and ultimately to create a world without fear of cancer.