Women and the Reproductive Lifecycle

Women and the Reproductive Lifecycle
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The reproductive lifecycle ushers in a variety of changes for women. The biological progression from childhood into puberty and on through to menopause is dependent upon an intricate balance of a number of physiological processes resulting in modulations of the reproductive hormones.

Throughout the reproductive lifecycle, there are a number of conditions that occur in women that may impact their health and quality of life. In addition, while the reproductive hormones are essential in the natural biological progression of both women and men, in women the sex hormones have also been linked to the development of many diseases and conditions, such as allergies, autoimmune disorders, thyroid disease, breast cancer, osteoporosis, and cardiovascular disease.

  • Precocious puberty (early puberty) has been seen to occur 10 times more often in girls than boys.1
  • Approximately 40% of infertility-clinic patients are diagnosed with anovulation—a condition in which the ovary does not release an egg each month as part of a woman’s normal cycle.2
  • Eight hundred women a day die from preventable causes related to pregnancy and childbirth.3
  • After menopause, women are more likely to suffer from poor bladder and brain function, poor skin elasticity and muscle power and tone, deterioration in vision, and some weight gain.4


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1Website [Internet]. [cited 2013 Mar 21] Available from: http://www.patient.co.uk/pdf/944.pdf

2Website [Internet]. [cited 2013 Apr 03] Available from: http://www.womensclinicofsouthtexas.com/services/infertility/symptoms/

3WHO Fact Sheet No 348 [Internet]. [cited 2013 Mar 21] Available from: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs348/en/index.html#

4Website [Internet]. [cited 2013 Mar 21] Available from: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/Menopause/hic_Menopause_The_Short-Term_Effects_and_Long-Term_Risks.aspx