Women and Thyroid Cancer

Women and Thyroid Cancer
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Risk factors1,2,3 that may increase the occurrence of thyroid cancer include:

  • Age (25–65 years)
  • Gender
  • Exposure to radiation
  • Family history of thyroid disease or cancer
  • History of enlarged thyroid (goiter)
  • Genetic factors such as multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2 (MEN 2a, MEN 2b, FMTC)
  • Iodine deficiency


Age, being female, and exposure to radiation are the most common risk factors. Previous cancer incidence may be another possible risk factor.

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1Future Oncol. 2010 November;6(11):1771-1779.

2Website [Internet]. [cited 2013 Mar 29] Available from: http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/thyroid/Patient/page1#Keypoint2

3Website [Internet]. [cited 2013 Mar 28] Available from: http://my.clevelandclinic.org/disorders/thyroid_cancer/hic_thyroid_cancer.aspx